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GLOSSARY OF DOJO TERMS
Glossary of Dojo Terms

Glossary of Dojo Terms

Dealing with Etiquette

Deshi – Student

Domo Arigato Gozaimashita – Thank you very much for that which you have done

Gomen Nasai: I’m sorry

Kohai – Junior

Konban Wa: Good evening

Onegaishimasu – Please assist me

Rei – Bow, salute

Sayonara – Goodbye

Seiza – Seated posture, correct sitting

Sempai – Senior

Sensei – Teacher, literally “one who has gone before”

Shikin haramitsu dai ko myo – “In every instance there is the possibility for enlightenment” This is one very short translation of these words – there are many others.

Soke – “head of family”

Yame – Stop

Numbers

ichi – one

ni – two

san – three

shi / yon – four

go – five

roku – six

shichi / nana – seven

hachi – eight

ku / kyu – nine

ju – ten

Weapons

Ashiko – Foot Claws

Bokken – Wooden sword used for training

Daisho – The set of katana and kodachi

Daito – Longer Japanese sword

Hanbo – 3 foot wooden staff

Jo – 4 foot wooden staff

Jutte – A metal truncheon

Katana – Sword

Shoto/Wakizashi/Kodachi – Short sword

Kunai – Leaf shaped digging tool

Kusari Fundo – A chain with weighted ends

Kusari Gama – Traditional Chain and sickle weapon

Metsubushi – Eye blinding powder, smoke, pepper, etc.

Naginata – Halberd

Rokushakabo – Six foot staff

Saya – Japanese sword scabbard

Shinai – bamboo training sword

Shuko: Hand claws

Shuriken – Small throwing weapons, either senban shuriken which are flat with sharp edges or bo shuriken which are spikes.

Tachi – Long sword; a longer version of the katana. worn hanging from the belt edge down

Tanto – Knife

Tessen – Iron fan

Tsuba – Sword guard (hilt)

Yari – Spear

Yoroi – A suit of armor

A to Z

A

Ashi – Leg

Ashi Ori – Break the leg

Atemi – Strike; striking the vital points

B

Batto – The flowing motion of sword drawing and cutting. The “art of drawing the long sword”.

Bojutsu – Fighting methods of the six foot staff

Boshi ken – Thumb drive fist

Budo- Martial ways/The Way of Stopping War

Budo Taijutsu- Unarmed combat methods of the Samurai/Ninja

Budoka- One who studies the martial way

Bugei – Martial skill.

Bujin – Warrior spirit

Bujinkan – Divine warrior training hall

Bujutsu – Martial arts; martial techniques

Bushi – Japanese warrior

Butsumetsu – Kyusho; side of the torso, floating ribs

C

Chi – Earth

Chi no Kata – Earth form

Chi Ryaku – Earth principle

Chu – Middle

Chudan – Middle level

D

Dai – Large, big, great

Daisho – The set of katana and kodachi

Daito – Longer Japanese sword

Dakentaijutsu – Striking, punching, kicking body methods

Dan – Level or degree of black belt

Densho – Traditional scrolls

Do – Path, road, way; motion; change

Dojo – Training hall, place of the way

Doko – Angry tiger

Dori – To seize, catch

F

Fu – Wind

Fudo – Immobility

Fudo ken – Clenched fist

Fudoza – Immovable seat

Furi – To spin or twirl

G

Ganseki – Rock

Ganseki Otoshi - To drop a Big Rock

Ganseki Nage – To throw a Big Rock

Ganseki Ossai - To Push a Big Rock

Gata (Kata) – One; also means style, pattern, form

Ge – Low

Gedan – Lower level

Gedan uke – Downward receiving flow

Geri – Kick

Gi – Training uniform (also dogi or keikogi)

Gikan – Regard for justice

Gogyo – The five elements: Chi Sui, Ka, fu, Ku.

Gyaku – Reverse; joint manipulation

H

Hajime – Begin

Hakama – Pleated divided skirt

Han: Half

Happo – Eight ways (all directional)

Hara – Belly; center of one’s body

Heiho – Strategy; martial principles; warfare tactics, the art of generalship in medieval times

Henka – Change; variation

Hicho – Flying bird

Hidari – Left

Hiji – Elbow

Hira – Flat, even, level

Hodoki – Free, loosen, unbind, get untied

Hojojutsu – Binding techniques using a rope or cord to restrain prisoners

Hoko – Encircling tiger

Hombu – Main dojo

I

Iai – Motion of drawing a sword and cutting

Ichimonji – Straight line #1 (posture)

In – To hide

Inyo – Japanese name for Yin-Yang

Itami – Pain

J

Jime: – To constrict, tighten, choke

Jin – Human being, person

Jodan – Upper level

Jodan uke – Upper receiving flow

Jojutsu – Techniques of using a Jo Staff

Jujutsu – Techniques of flexibility; art of flexibility

Jumonji – Figure ten posture, Crossed arm position

Junan taiso – Body conditioning and flexibility

Jutaijutsu – Grappling methods, throws, locks, holds, soft body method

Jutsu – Techniques; art or method

K

Ka –Fire

Kaiten – Rolling; overturn

Kamae – Attitude, posture, stance

Kanji – Chinese picture characters used in written Japanese

Kata – Shoulder; arranged forms; single, one; style, type, pattern

Keiko – Training; practice

Ken – Fist; heavy straight-blade sword; weapon

Keri – To kick (also Geri)

Kesa giri: Diagonal cut

Ki – Internal energy, spirit, mind, heart, soul

Kiai – Spirit shout; a focused, directed yell

Kihon – Foundation, basic, fundamental

Kihon happo – Fundamentals; eight ways

Kimono – Traditional dress of the Japanese

Kiri – To cut; also a mist, fog

Kobudo – Classical martial ways

Koho – Rear, back

Kokoro – Spirit, heart, or mind

Koppojutsu: Bone striking method/ Skeletal Manipulation

Koshi – Hip area; loins

Koshijutsu – Organ and muscle strikes

Kote – Wrist

Ku – Air, sky; emptiness, void; also the number 9

Kudaki – Crush, break, smash; shatter

Kuden – Oral teachings

Kukan – Space

Kunoichi – female ninja

Kusari-fundo: Short chain with weighted ends

Kusarigama: Sickle and chain

Kyojitsu: Play of truth and deception; a feint

Kyoketsu shoge: Hooked blade weapon with weighted cord

Kyu – Step, grade; rank of green belt

Kyudo – Archery; way of the bow

Kyusho – Vital points, pressure points, weak points

M

Ma ai – Distancing; correct distance

Mae – Front

Mae Geri – Front kick

Matte – Stop

Men – Head; all parts of the head, the face

Migi – Right

Mune – Chest

Musha – Warrior

Muto – No sword

Muto dori – Unarmed against a sword

N

Nagare – Flowing

Nagashi – Receiving flow; parry; deflect

Nage – To throw

Naname – Diagonal

O

Obi – Belt or sash

Omote – Outside, front; apparent, concepts easily understood

Oni – Devil, Demon

Ori – To break

Otoshi – To drop/fall

R

Randori – Freestyle rotational practice

Ryote – Two-handed

Ryu – Dragon; flowing; school, tradition; family; a style

Ryuha – Branch of original style or school

S

Sabaki: Evasion, footwork

Sanshin no kata: Three hearts movement methods

Seiza – Seated posture, correct sitting

Sempai: Any student senior to another

Sensei: Teacher or instructor, “one who has gone before”

Shako ken: Claw and palm strike

Shaku – Old unit of measure. One shaku equals 11.93 inches.

Shi – Four; finger

Shichi – Seven

Shin – Heart, mind, spirit

Shinai – Practice sword made of split bamboo

Shinken gata – Real fighting form or feeling

Shihan – Honorary title of master teacher

Shikan ken – Extended knuckle fist

Shikomi zue – A walking stick with hidden weapon

Shime – To choke, constrict, tighten

Shinobi – Another name for the ninja

Shishin ken – Finger needle strike

Shitan ken – Thumb pressure strike

Shizen – Natural

Shomen – The front

Shomen uchi – Forehead strike

Shoten no jutsu – Tree climbing (climbing to the heavens)

Shoto – Short sword

Shuko: Hand claws

Shuriken – Throwing blades, throwing stars

Shuto, Shuto ken – Knife hand or open sword hand

Sojutsu – Art of fighting with a spear

Soke – Head of family; grandmaster

Sokugyaku – Ball of foot kick/Toe Stab

Sokuho kaiten – Sideways roll

Sokuho tobi – Sideways leap

Sokuyaku – Foot stomp/push kick

Sui – Water

T

Tabi – Traditional footwear of the Japanese

Tai – Large, big, great; also refers to the body

Tai sabaki – Body evasion; natural movements for evading attacks

Taihenjutsu – Body changing arts: rolling, leaping, silent movement, tumbling, breakfalls

Taijutsu – Body techniques, unarmed combat methods

Taiso – Flexibility exercise; stretches

Takagi – Tall tree, large tree

Take – Bamboo

Tanto – Knife

Tatami – Straw mat

Te – Hand; arm

Ten – Heaven, sky; top

Tessen – Iron fan

To – And; head; sword

Tobi – Leaping and jumping skills

Tobi keri – Leaping kick

Tori – To seize, catch; the one applying the technique

Tsuki: Thrust, punch

U

Uchi – Inside; to attack, defeat, destroy, conquer, strike

Ude – Arm

Uke – Receive; one who receives the technique

Uke nagashi – Receiving the attack; receiving flow

Ukemi – The act of taking a controlled fall when thrown; receiving techniques in kata; breakfalls

Ura – Inside, back, hidden; concepts that are not obvious

Ushiro – Rear, back

W

Waza – Technique; ability, skill

Y

Yamabushi – Mountain warrior priests

Yoko – Side; sideways

Yoko aruki – Sideways walking

Yokomen – Side of the head

Yoshin – Raising spirit, raising heart

Yumi – Archery bow

Z

Zenpo – Forward, front direction

Zenpo geri – Forward stamp kick

Zenpo kaiten – Forward roll

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